3 Types of Headaches You Need to Know

Who, hell, who never had a headache ? Headache is one of the many complaints felt by adults. The World Organization of the World (WHO) even notes that at least half of the world's adult population has experienced headaches each year. Knowing the type of headache is important, because it can play a major role in the treatment.
Keep in mind that headaches are not a final diagnosis, but rather a common symptom that is a sign of many illnesses. In addition can be caused by various circumstances, the type of headache experienced by each person can vary.

According to the Indonesian Medical Specialist Association, headaches are divided into two criteria:

Primary headaches, namely headaches caused due to disruption of parts of the head, such as muscles, blood vessels, or nerves-or occur without any underlying disease.
Secondary headaches, headaches caused by underlying disease, such as from a neck or head or spine injury, inflammation or disturbance of blood vessels in and around the brain, including stroke, infection (meningitis), excessive brain pressure high or low, brain tumor, or head injury. This type of headache can usually be seen through a CT scan .
Most of the headache complaints experienced by someone is a primary headache. Let's know more about some of these headache criteria.

1. Tension-type headache

Tension-type headaches ( tension-type headache ) are one type of headache that is often experienced. If you experience headaches, especially on the forehead and neck, with sensations like being pressed or squeezed, feeling heavy or sore, and felt on both sides (left and right), then you're most likely to experience a tension-type headache.

This type of headache can be caused by stress, hypertension, improper diet, lack of sleep, and the wrong body position. This type of headache has mild-moderate intensity and has a shorter duration compared to other types of headache. Therefore, tension-type headache is relatively easier to treat alone with over-the-counter drugs.

2. Migraine

After a tension-type headache, kind of sore heads are also quite often experienced migraine. Because this type of headache is often affected by the female hormone estrogen, migraine is more often felt by women than men. This is also why women who are menstruating are more susceptible to migraines.

As you may know, the characteristic type of headache is a pulsating headache experienced only by one side of the head (left or right).

In addition to headaches, some migraine cases also begin with an aura that marks a person's migraine. Migraine can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Having moderate-severe intensity, migraines are more difficult to overcome because they have a longer duration and are caused by many factors. Therefore, it would be nice if you consult a doctor if you have a migraine.

3. Cluster headache

Headache cluster is a type of headache that most rarely experienced. The hallmark of a cluster headache is a sudden headache with a fairly heavy intensity (like being stabbed) and circles around the eye and is only felt on one side of the head. This type of headache is commonly experienced by smokers and those who like to consume alcohol excessively.

In addition to headache, cluster type headache is also accompanied by red and watery eyes, so it is often misunderstood as glaucoma. If you experience this type of headache, immediately consult a doctor.

Well, now you already know the type of headache. If you experience one of them, you can do an initial treatment such as rest, drink plenty of water to drink white, and taking pain medication when the pain attacks head come. If the complaint is too intense, the more severe or disappear, and accompanied by other disturbing symptoms, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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