Alert, Nipah Virus Outbreak!

The middle of the world was stunned with the outbreak of the Nipah virus that is endemic in Kerala, India. The outbreak of this virus has claimed at least 10 deaths and 40 people have to be quarantined.
Added anxiety when one casualty is a 33-year-old nurse who treats a patient infected with this virus. This condition is allegedly a sign of a pandemic. So the possibility that this disease can infect doctors, nurses, and incident response teams, is difficult to dammed.

The local government also issued recommendations to avoid four districts, namely Kozhikode, Malappuram, Waynad, and Kannur as one effort to control this outbreak. Then, what causes the Nipah virus is dangerous?

The spread of the Nipah virus

Quoted from the official website of the World Health Organization (WHO), the outbreak of the virus Nipah (NiV) comes from fruit-eating bats. This virus was first reported to attack the Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia, in 1998. At that time pigs became carriers of the spread of the virus. Thereafter, 300 people were infected and one hundred of them died.

Reporting from Newsweek, the Nipah virus can be transmitted from animal to person while eating fruit that has been bitten by bats. In 2004, the outbreak of the Nipah virus in Bangladesh occurred because people drank sap palms together. The study of the epidemic revealed that the fruit of the tree had been contaminated with saliva and urinary bats.

Quoted from the DW page, the outbreak in Kerala is thought to be caused by a dead bat found in a well in a family home in Changaroth village. Infection is reported to spread among family members and is transmitted to others who make contact with infected family members.

Nipah virus is suspected of infecting fruit bats from the Pteropopdidae family. In addition to humans, pigs, cattle, and other pets can also be infected. People infected with the Nipah virus will develop brain inflammation or encephalitis.

What are the symptoms of the Nipah virus

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC), the incubation period of this virus ranges from five to 14 days, with the first signs of infection appearing after three to 14 days.

Fever, vomiting, severe headache, and some patients also have respiratory problems. The condition is said to be an early symptom after exposure to the Nipah virus. After that, symptoms may progress to drowsiness, disorientation, and confusion. In fact, within 48 hours, the virus can cause a coma that leads to death. Based on WHO exposure, the death rate from the virus is on average up to 75 percent.

Until now there is no vaccine for both humans and animals to prevent infection caused by the virus Nipah. So far only supportive and intensive care can be done.

The infected person is admitted to the quarantine program as an effort to prevent the spread of the disease. Because the disease can be transmitted from person to person, a routine infection control protocol is now in place. Government of India and world health institutions WHO class is still looking for a solution prevention and treatment of the virus Nipah.

Then the question that arises is, can the Nipah virus be prevented? So far, nearly 300 cases of Nipah virus have occurred in humans causing more than 100 deaths. To prevent, control and stop this epidemic, more than a million pigs were injected to death. This also contributed to the loss in the trade sector which was of tremendous value to Malaysia in 1998 ago.

Viral infections Nipah can actually be prevented by avoiding exposure to pigs, other livestock and sick bats, especially in endemic areas. It is also advisable to avoid drinking raw palm sap. Hopefully with good cooperation from various parties, this epidemic can be solved immediately.

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