Facts You Need to Know about Plasma Donors

Have you ever heard about plasma donors ? Cristiano Ronaldo's footballer performed this procedure in 2017, and invited his fans to follow in his footsteps. 
A plasma donor is an action when your blood plasma is donated to the needy. Plasma is actually part of the blood. As many as 55 percent of the blood volume is plasma. The component is a yellow liquid, consisting of 90 percent water and 10 percent protein, glucose, coagulation, mineral ion, hormone, and carbon dioxide.

Plasma works to bring proteins, hormones, and nutrients to different cells in your body. These include growth hormones that help muscles and bones grow, as well as clotting factors that help you stop bleeding when a wound occurs.

In addition, plasma helps the body maintain blood pressure, normal blood volume levels, and eliminate toxins in the body. The way it works is done by dissolving the substance the cell does not need and taking it away.

Why is there a plasma donor?

Reported by WebMD, medical parties claim to be able to use the plasma as a treatment for a number of serious health problems. Plasma transfer can only be done through donors.

Some of the elements in the plasma, can help a person during a medical emergency such as burns to a number of physical traumas. Some of the elements in the plasma include antibodies and chemicals as clot.

In detail, plasma donors can provide benefits such as:
  • Helps to restore the disease. Antibodies and proteins can be used as a treatment for rare diseases, especially those associated with the immune system.
  • Treat cancer patients. Adults and children with various types of cancer, including leukemia, sometimes require plasma transfusions.
  • Transplant surgery. Some people who get liver transplantation or bone marrow need plasma.
  • Hemophilia. In this rare disorder, a person's blood does not have enough clotting factors, so a plasma donor would be helpful.
Conditions for making plasma donors

The plasma donor is included in the part of the donor aferesis, meaning that certain components in the blood can be donated as needed. Quoted from the official website of Blood Donor, donor type is divided into four, namely:
  • Trombaferesis (donor trombosit)
  • Eritraferesis (red blood cell donor)
  • Leukaferesis (white blood cell donors)
  • Plasmaferesis (donor plasma)
To donate plasma and other cells, you must be at least 18 years old with a minimum male weight of 55 kg and women at least 60 kg. You are also required to perform a physical examination as well as test certain viruses to ensure the body is not infected with HIV and hepatitis.

In addition, other important requirements are Hb levels of 13-17 g /% and systole blood pressure is between 110-150 mmHg and diastole 70-90 mmHg. Donor period of at least 2 weeks. Especially for eritraferesis, a period of at least 8 weeks and plasmaferesis at least once a week.

Choose a plasma donor or a regular blood donor?

Contributing plasma is somewhat different from the whole blood donor . When you donate the whole blood, it goes straight into the laboratory. While when the plasma donor, the blood taken from your arm will pass through a special machine to be separated and taken into account only, in this case the plasma.

The remaining parts, including your red blood cells, return to the body along with some salt solution (salt water). The process of plasma donor usually takes about 1 hour.

If you have blood type AB, your plasma is needed since it is universal. That way, AB blood can be used by any group.

You who have regularly donated blood, can try to become a plasma donor. Of course, you must pass a series of checks first. Plasma donors are important to help others. Learn the above provisions so that donors can take place safely and normally.

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