Left Stomach Pain, What's Wrong?

The stomach is one of the reasons people go to a doctor and is one of the main reasons people visit the emergency room. Abdominal pain can be distinguished by the location of the perceived illness. The onset of pain can be caused by simple harmless disorders, to life-threatening medical conditions.
When describing abdominal pain it is important to know the location, quality and type of pain and intensity of pain. Other questions that are not less important to support the diagnosis are such as the spread of pain and things that can improve or aggravate pain. It is important to make it easier for doctors to diagnose the cause of abdominal pain.

The stomach is broadly divided into four parts:
  1. The upper right abdomen
  2. The lower right abdomen
  3. The upper left abdomen
  4. The lower left abdomen
Starting from muscle disorders, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, female fertility organs to blood vessel disorders can cause complaints of left abdominal pain. Therefore, need to distinguish the location nyerinya.

The cause of upper left abdominal pain

Organs located in the upper left abdomen are the stomach, spleen, pancreas, left kidney and upper part of the colon and a small portion of the liver. The presence of interference in these organs can lead to complaints of upper left abdominal pain.

However, apart from the abdomen, it turns left upper abdominal pain can be caused by pain due to interference in the organs contained in the chest. Pain can also occur if there are abnormalities in the skin, nerves or blood vessels in the area. Some of the causes of upper left abdominal pain include:

1. Gastric disorders

The existence of problems in the stomach such as mag (gastritis) or stomach ulcers often cause complaints in the upper left and middle abdomen.

  • In stomach ulcers, pain usually worsens after eating or when lying down at night.
  • In mag disease can be accompanied by a sense of heat in the chest and flatulence.
  • Gastric infections can also cause complaints in this area and are usually accompanied by diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.

2. Disturbance to the spleen

The spleen is located just behind the stomach and is located below the lower left rib bone. The main function of the spleen is to screen blood and make new blood cells and store blood clots.

The spleen also plays an important role in the immune system. Disorders of the spleen can cause upper left abdominal pain usually accompanied by the propagation of pain to the left shoulder area. These interruptions include:
  • Blood cancer can cause the size of the spleen to enlarge causing pain that gets worse and longer.
  • Infections such as viral infections of mononucleosis can cause mild pain complaints. Usually this condition is also accompanied by complaints of fatigue, sore throat and fever.
  • The presence of trauma, for example due to accidents while driving or being hit can cause lymphatic tears. Complaints that arise is a sudden sudden pain and touching on the upper left abdomen. This condition is included in the emergency stage.
  • Damage to the spleen due to sickle cell blood disorder disease.
3. Disorders of the pancreas

The pancreas is located at the top of the middle of the stomach as a producer of digestive enzymes. Insulin and glucagon hormones that play a role in regulating blood sugar are also made in the pancreas. Abdominal pain due to pancreatic disorders such as pakreatitis is usually felt in the upper abdomen. However, this condition can also be felt in the left upper abdominal area because the pancreas head is located in the upper left abdomen. Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas usually accompanied by complaints of nausea and vomiting. In addition to inflammation, the tumor can also cause upper left abdominal pain.  

4. Heart and lung disorders

Pain coming from the lungs or heart can be felt up to the top of the stomach. Disorders of the lung and lung membranes such as infections can cause upper abdominal pain as well. Usually accompanied by fever or pain when breathing.

Heart problems such as heart attack or infection of the heart membrane usually cause pain complaints on the left chest. However, the heart and stomach are located close to each other, so that sometimes the pain may spread to the upper part of the abdomen

The cause of lower left abdominal pain

In the lower left abdomen pain can be felt due to disturbances of the large intestine and small intestine, but it can also occur due to muscle disorders, skin diseases, and disorders of the female reproductive system.

Some causes of lower left abdominal pain:

1. Divertikulitis

Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the sacs in the intestine. Usually more often cause complaints of pain in the lower left abdomen. However, sometimes pain can be felt in the upper left abdomen .

Usually this condition is accompanied by fever, nausea, vomiting, tension in the stomach and constipation or diarrhea. Diverticulitis is the commonest cause of lower abdominal pain.

2. Inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis can cause complaints of lower left abdominal pain. Usually the complaint can be accompanied by diarrhea and blood in the stool. Crohn's disease generally attacks the small intestine, whereas ulcerative colitis attacks the large intestine.

3. Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome usually causes lower left abdominal pain, but can also up to the top, especially if accompanied by bloating complaints. May be accompanied by CHAPTER CHAPTER such as diarrhea or constipation. Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic gastrointestinal disease.

4. Hernia

A hernia or a fall is a lump on the body that occurs when the inside of the body suppresses the weaker parts of the muscle or tissue. In addition to the pain can also be seen bumps.

5. Impaired Reproductive System

The. Dismenorea

Abdominal cramps can be felt before and during menstruation. The pain is felt to vary from mild to very severe to interfere with daily activities.

b. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive tract. In addition to abdominal pain, symptoms can also be accompanied by complaints of fever, whitish smell, pain or spots during intercourse, and spots outside the menstrual cycle.

c. Pregnancy is out of the womb

Ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the womb can cause abdominal pain accompanied by bleeding or spots from the vagina, late menstruation and other signs of pregnancy.

d. Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are a fluid-filled sac inside or ovary surface. If the cyst is ruptured, it can cause extreme pain and internal organ bleeding.

Abdominal pain that can be felt on the top left and bottom

1. Kidney disorders

Disorders in the left kidney such as stones or kidney infections are more often cause complaints on the side of the abdomen or lower back, but the pain can spread to the upper left or lower abdomen. Pain can be accompanied by fever, pain during urination, and blood in the urine.

2. Aneurisma aorta abdominalis

Aorta is the main blood vessel of the body. The aorta located in the abdominal region is called the abdominal aorta. In some people, the abdominal aorta is easily swollen and leaking.

If that happens, it can be painful in the abdominal area, chest and back. Usually the pain is felt pulsating according to the heartbeat. This emergency condition requires immediate treatment.

3. Chickenpox or smallpox

Chickenpox or smallpox has a medical term for herpes zoster. In this skin disorder can be painful in accordance with the dermatome of the affected body. So if exposed in the upper left or lower abdomen can cause pain. Pain is felt piercing or burning.

4. Muscle disorders

Muscles that are too stretched due to physical activity or excessive exercise in the abdominal area, can cause complaints of upper left and lower abdominal pain depending on the location of muscles are tense and have stretching excess.

As already explained above, in fact a lot of causes of left abdominal pain. If you experience abdominal pain, note the location, intensity and other things related to pain. Call your doctor if you have a worsening stomachache within a few days to get you the right treatment.

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